lunes, 8 de junio de 2015

Listening test: Small changes

Listen to two friends talking about the changes we have to make to our everyday life to protect the environment and choose the option a, b or c which best completes each sentence.

1) Paul says we should reduce _____ . 
a) car usage
b) transport usage
c) fuel exploration

2) Paul doesn’t _____ .
a) use his car to reduce carbon emissions.
b) know how to drive.
c) have a car.

3) Paul says people should eat _____ .
a) more healthily
b) less food
c) seasonal food

4) Amy _____ . 
a) drives to work
b) travels long distances to see her family
c) has reduced her travel times lately

5) Amy ______. 
a) doesn’t use a shopping bag
b) is upset by people’s shopping habits
c) lives in a country where packaging has been reduced

6) Paul ______.

a) cried when he saw the banana wrapped in plastic.
b) thinks plastic is more important than cars.
c) thinks wrapping a banana is absurd.

Amy: So speaking of climate change, what do you think are three things that we can do to try and personally help climate change—well, prevent climate change in our lives? What do you think?
Paul: Obviously, the big concern with climate change is the carbon emissions. So that would like lead me to look at my usage of fuel because that's a huge source of carbon emissions. So probably, I'd say, number one, reduce my car usage or transport usage.
Amy: Right.
Paul: I don't personally have a car and I always take the bus to work.
Amy: That's a good start then, isn't it?
Paul: Yeah. I'm not doing it trying to reduce the effects of carbon base; it's just that—yeah. Secondly, I think trying to source your foods locally. I think that would be a huge help too because it reduces the transportation of food. And I think in reality, I think we could produce a lot of what we need locally, you know. I don't think we should be eating strawberries in the middle of winter. I don't think we should be. I think we should try and eat seasonally as well, what's available to us. But we've become so used to being able to get what we want when we want it, and it's having a huge impact on our environment.
How about you, Amy? Do you have any ideas about how we can perhaps challenge—how we can perhaps address the problem?
Amy: It's interesting you mentioned about the carbon emissions. Obviously, it's really important to reduce those. And I do have a car and I need it to get places as most people do. And currently, I also live really, really far away from where I was born and raised so to travel to see my family, I need to take long-haul air flights. And I guess reducing those, it's the flights I think that contribute more towards carbon emissions than perhaps driving my car. So it's about making that balance, I think. Seeing your family versus being green, I think.
But it was an interesting point you said about also sourcing our food. I think that's something that we can definitely do. I agree with that and locally sourced food, I think will help reduce carbon emissions.
Small things as well like, if we're going food shopping. If we have to go food shopping, then, you know, taking your own bag. Stop using all the excess packaging, things like that. Where I live right now is a country that uses a lot of packaging and it makes me sad. I think the first thing I learnt to say in the language of that country was I don't need that bag, thank you. So, I mean, it's a very, very small step but I think if everybody tried to do it a bit more, it would help in a small way.
Paul: Yeah, I agree. Yeah. I tried to—it drives me crazy how much plastic we use. And if you think about how much energy is going into producing that plastic, you know—yeah. I mean, people talk about cars and stuff but this production of plastic—I mean, I had a banana the other day and it was wrapped in plastic.
Amy: Oh no.
Paul: A banana. I mean, it's perfectly wrapped by nature yet they felt some reason to put it in plastic. I couldn't believe it. I almost wanted to—I almost had to laugh hysterically or cry. Yeah, a lot of it is crazy, you know.

1B 2C 3C 4B 5B 6C