sábado, 8 de noviembre de 2014

Reading test: Good friends are hard to find and even harder to keep

This week's reading test is based on The Guardian article Good friends are hard to find and even harder to keep, written by Tim Lott in mid-August.

Read the article and choose the option a, b or c that best completes each sentence. 0 is an example.

A survey by Relate rather shockingly suggests that as many as 10% of people in the UK don’t have a single friend to turn to. That translates into nearly 5 million adults who are, in effect, friendless.
Even factoring in that many of these unfortunates may be elderly people whose friends have died, or inadequates who lack functional social skills, that is still a significant number of ordinary people who just don’t know how to maintain good friendships.
I am fortunate to be able to claim at least four friends, of both genders, who stretch back nearly 40 years, and a number of other more recent ones that are close and durable. But I have also lost enough to understand that friendships are difficult, and the closer they are the more difficult they become. This is also true of family relationships, but it’s very hard to escape your family. With friends, if you annoy them too much, they can just drop you. Within this simple fact lies one of the first principles of friendship – tread carefully. Friends are precious, even irreplaceable, but they are also fragile.
Treading carefully is easier said than done. Part of a good friendship is honesty, and sooner or later one is forced to choose between being amenable and giving a friend the honesty you think the relationship merits. But honesty is always a risky strategy, whether it’s asking “Do you like my new dress/suit?” or “Do you like my new girlfriend/boyfriend?” Sometimes you are forced to find out what your friendship rests on, and sometimes the foundations prove insubstantial.
Friendships can be rooted in a number of different impulses. Unhealthy elements like need, the desire for borrowed status, and the wish for flattery are as common as the more healthy ones like mutual interests, sense of humour and natural compatibility. The healthy and unhealthy are often mixed together, the latter concealed under the myth of “friendship”, which suggests, more than marriage, a certain (unrealistic) perfection of sensibility.
The thing with friends is that because they tend to be bit-players in one’s life – “let’s meet for drinks/a meal/a game/a movie” – it’s easy to build up a false idea about someone with whom you share a friendly relationship.
Generalisations along gender lines are always tricky, but – and this is a purely personal observation – I think women sometimes struggle with friendship in the long run as they seem to have an unspoken pact that a friend should always be supportive. They just invest so much in each other. Men often accept a little grit in the ointment – one can tell a male friend to fuck off without losing his friendship. Female friendships can struggle when the faults in either party begin to surface. Friends, like marriage partners, love each other, but they must also be allowed to hate each other sometimes.
I do not know what I am doing right to have kept such good friends for so long, but it is certainly worth pointing out that none of them have got to the present point without negotiating moments of crisis. In each of my closest friends there have been moments when the friendship has nearly foundered – but we somehow came through them to a relationship that was stronger than it was before the crisis.
The nature of friendship changes, and you have to change with it. Once, hopefully, I fascinated my friends and charmed them. After 40 years, I am sure I often bore them – and that is inevitable. A good friendship, like a good marriage, ceases after a while to be a mutual entertainment society and becomes instead a sorority or fraternity of battle-scarred veterans. We are still here, we still enjoy being around each other, and we treasure our shared histories. This is something precious, even if it isn’t always a laugh riot.
Is there a secret to long friendships? Simply this – an absence of pride. Too many falter on stubbornness or the determination to hold on to offence. Successful ones rely on humility and the recognition of human fallibility. These are not merely useful attributes. They are the heart and soul of friendship

0 Example
A survey reveals  
a) the shocking percentage of people who lack functional social skills.
b) that a lot of elderly people don’t have friends.
c) that a lot of people are friendless.

1 The author
a) has concluded that having a close friend is the previous step to losing them.
b) has concluded that you can’t take your friends for granted. 
c) has had the same friends for forty years.

2 The author thinks that
a) a good friendship is based on making the right choice.
b) if you’re really honest with your friends, the friendship will not last.
c) some friendships lack solid foundations.

3 In the author’s opinion, friendships are likely to fail if
a) the person just seeks social acceptance.
b) the two friends are very much alike.
c) your friends often compliment you.

4 Most friends
a) have a false idea of one another.
b) just meet to go out.
c) spend little time together.

5 Women
a) are less willing than men to accept their friends’ defects.
b) fight to keep a friendship less than men.
c) invest more time than men in their friends.

6 The author
a) doesn’t enjoy his friends’ company so much now.
b) found out who his closest friends were in moments of crisis.
c) has had his ups and downs with his friends.

7 The secret of a long friendship lies in our
a) understanding that it cannot be perfect.
b) willingness to keep it.
c) willingness to forget offences.

Photo: Mani Babbar Photography, under Creative Commons

1b 2c 3a 4c 5a 6c 7a