lunes, 7 de diciembre de 2015

Listening test: How to prepare for tests

Listen to part of an interview with a pyschologist on how students can prepare for tests and complete the gaps in sentences 1-7 with up to three words. 0 is an example.

0 Example:
Dr. Cynthia Green, is the author of the book Total Memory Workout.

1 We have difficulty in remembering things for exams because we get nervous and we don’t usually leave _________________ to prepare the tests.

2 To reduce anxiety during tests Dr. Cynthia Green suggests practising what she calls _________________ .

3 Taking deep breaths, counting backwards from twenty or imagining something that makes you feel _________________ can help students relax.

4 In answering multiple choice questions it always helps to try _________________ so that we can reduce our focus.

5 Good test habits include adequate sleep, _________________ , dealing with stress and organising time adequately.

6 Dr. Cynthia Green’s children prepare a test for _________________ every night.

7 The main problem with cramming [=studying hard in order to learn a lot in a short time] is that we saturate _________________ because we’re learning too much information very quickly.

STACEY: Do you know the most effective ways to study for a test? Do you have to cram, or is it better to have a system? Here to help students and parents of students everywhere. Dr. Cynthia Green, psychologist and author of (0) Total Memory Workout. Thank you so much for joining us. Now what are some of the reasons that we have so much trouble remembering things for tests, even after we study?
CYNTHIA: One of the things that happens is that we simply get nervous. Secondly, we don’t often leave ourselves (1) enough time to prepare for tests.
STACEY: Now what are some of the things we can do to reduce anxiety during test taking?
CYNTHIA: Well, one of the things is just to practice some of, what I call (2) emergency techniques to reduce our anxiety.
STACEY: Please share!
CYNTHIA: Some things like training yourself to take deep breaths, to count backwards from twenty, or even to have a visualization where you can, you know, practice beforehand imagining something that makes you feel (3) peaceful and calm so that you can have that image, something that you find relaxing, and you can go to that place to help yourself calm down.
STACEY: So what are some of the steps that people can do if they’re, you know, in the test situation, they’re really, realize that they’re having one of these melt-downs and anxiety attacks and they’re not having that recall, what do you suggest people do in that moment?
CYNTHIA: If you are faced, for example, with a multiple choice question and you’re not really sure how to answer it, then to really work your way around the question, to figure out what you do remember about the question, to try (4) and eliminate alternatives so that you can narrow your focus. Try to remind yourselves of what the main point is around a question, and to organize the information in that way, to work your way back to the answer.
STACEY: Are there specific things that parents can do to help their children when it comes to getting prepared for tests?
CYNTHIA: One of the best things, I think, we can do as parents to help our kids is to teach them good test taking habits. Learning how to take a test is also learning how to be prepared, in terms of getting adequate sleep, (5) eating well, dealing with stress effectively, and finally organizing ahead of time. So, for example, some things I’ve used with my kids throughout their life is to tell them, when they know they have a test, to build into their schedule when, you know, that test is coming up about (6) fifteen minutes a night, every night, to work on preparing for that test, and to work with a study guide also for that test. So they’re breaking that study guide down and learning a piece of it every night, and using the last couple of nights before the test to rehearse all the information.
STACEY: When I think back to college and high school, I remember cramming for those exams, cramming that information. I think I actually thought, you know, if it’s right up there, up top, newly in my brain, it’ll be right there. Talk to us about cramming.
CYNTHIA: The problem with cramming is that we can overwhelm (7) our brains. That sometimes, it’s just too much information to really effectively keep track of. What I would suggest, if someone really has to cram, is that they try to distill down that cramming to what they really are going to need to know for that test, so that they at least place some limits for what they’re trying to retain.